There are many skills you’ll need to succeed as a cloud engineer, but if you master these 10, you’ll be well on your way to becoming one of the best in the business. If you’re interested in becoming one of the best cloud engineers, this list of 10 skills every cloud engineer should have will give you an idea of what it takes. These aren’t all-inclusive, but they are essential skills that every cloud engineer should possess to excel in the field.
1) Cloud Management
Cloud management is a key cloud engineer skill. Cloud managers must be able to review network traffic and server load, check system logs and monitor operational health, troubleshoot problems and more. With public clouds, IT organizations rely on third-party cloud services (like Amazon Web Services) for physical infrastructure and related management tasks.
Cloud engineers need these skills to both maintain existing applications running in public cloud environments and design new ones. In addition to basic systems administration duties that are shared across different types of IT professionals, cloud engineers need skills that set them apart as experts in managing networked hardware systems called virtualization in large data centers.
In order to have a successful cloud platform, you need reliable storage. Cloud storage needs to be highly available and scalable. All cloud platforms have some form of native storage, but you can use third-party solutions as well for even more options. Learn about different types of storage and how they’re used in a cloud environment, including direct-attached storage (DAS), network-attached storage (NAS) and object storage. You should also learn about cloud storage features such as erasure coding, snapshots and replication.
If you want to take your cloud skills further, consider learning how to manage cloud storage using Amazon Web Services’ Simple Storage Service (S3). AWS S3 is one of its most popular services and provides unlimited storage for just $0.023 per gigabyte per month.
That’s a penny! If that sounds too good to be true, it’s because S3 is designed for infrequently accessed data, so if your business relies on fast access times or high amounts of traffic, you might want to look elsewhere. Still interested? Take a look at our AWS S3 tutorial .
Cloud engineers typically need to have in-depth knowledge of virtualization platforms. Understanding how a cloud architecture is going to work is important, and knowing how to use virtualization tools like Amazon Web Services (AWS) or VMware can be helpful.
However, virtualization isn’t just about creating new instances; it’s also about developing secure configurations that ensure a company’s data and resources are always safe. If you have experience with infrastructure as a service (IaaS), it can be very helpful when seeking cloud engineer jobs.
Learn more about virtualization on Pluralsight by viewing my course Server Virtualization Fundamentals. You can access Pluralsight for free with an All Access subscription here!
Security is a high priority in cloud computing environments, so you’ll want to be skilled at ensuring that your applications are well-protected. You should also have a good understanding of encryption and penetration testing, as these can help to defend against security breaches and attacks. The cloud can make it easier for developers to quickly create applications, but they might not know how to test them properly or secure them properly; these skills are essential for any cloud engineer. Some cloud engineers even specialize in devops, which involves blending development and operations into one job function. Cloud engineers will likely need some technical skills such as Linux administration and virtualization experience.
A bachelor’s degree in computer science or engineering may be necessary for most entry-level positions. If you want to move up within an organization, you may need an advanced degree such as a master’s degree or even a PhD. In addition to technical expertise, cloud engineers must possess excellent customer service skills because they work directly with clients on a regular basis.
5) Application Development
Before cloud computing, applications were installed on computers and servers within an organization, but with cloud computing there is no need to install applications locally. To develop applications for a cloud platform you must have programming skills in two different languages: one language that interfaces with the cloud platform itself (Amazon Web Services uses Python, Google Cloud Platform uses Java) and another language that can be used to access data or execute commands (Google Cloud Platform uses Python, Amazon Web Services uses Java).
Cloud engineer skills need to encompass networking, virtualization and troubleshooting abilities. The 10 best cloud engineers are experts in networking topologies, business continuity planning, server backups and storage optimization. Additionally, cloud engineers are masters of virtualization software that allow you to run multiple operating systems at once on a single machine.
Cloud engineering requires a high degree of troubleshooting and problem-solving ability; cloud engineers must be able to identify issues quickly in order to come up with solutions for their clients. Most importantly, though, top cloud engineers can work independently as well as within a team structure and think critically about how all facets of IT relate together for businesses who are looking for digital services but don’t have large internal IT departments..
Cloud engineering is an emerging field there aren’t any formal educational requirements or certification programs yet but it’s one that offers plenty of room for growth as cloud computing becomes more widely adopted by companies around the world.
7) Operating Systems
It goes without saying that one of your main cloud engineer skills should be an understanding of OSes. A cloud engineer needs to know how to work with Windows, Unix/Linux and BSD operating systems and various application servers, as well as network infrastructure for those platforms. Cloud engineers are going to interact with data center personnel, so a good knowledge of how data centers operate is critical.
Networking is also a must; you’ll be responsible for figuring out how to best deploy applications on different types of virtualization software. Because public clouds require some level of security, you’ll also need some knowledge about firewalls and other security measures that can be taken in a virtual environment. Other cloud engineer skills include storage expertise, database administration experience and configuration management expertise.
Finally, because cloud computing requires automation of many tasks (including deployment), cloud engineers will often have scripting experience or at least be familiar with automation tools like Puppet or Chef.
8) Disaster Recovery Planning
Although unlikely, you never know when an accident could happen and cause your data to be compromised. Always make sure that you have a disaster recovery plan in place. You should also be checking your backups regularly to ensure that everything is running smoothly.
When it comes to cloud computing, disaster recovery can be particularly challenging because of its decentralized nature, which means that any number of things could go wrong with your files or system without you even knowing about it until its too late.
That’s why you should always think about different types of disasters before they happen and how they might affect your systems which also requires maintaining a good relationship with other team members who might help mitigate damages.
9) Automation Tools
There are multiple ways to automate tasks associated with cloud computing. As a cloud engineer, you should be familiar with several popular automation tools including: Vagrant, Ansible, Chef and Puppet. Having experience working with these tools will make you a more attractive candidate to potential employers.
It’s also worth mentioning that some of these tools can help you in your day-to-day job as well. For example, Vagrant can help speed up testing and development processes by allowing developers to quickly spin up virtual machines on their local machine using pre-configured templates.
This is useful for testing code before deploying it into production environments or for setting up a test environment for new employees who need to get up to speed quickly.
10) Public Speaking
Like it or not, public speaking is a skill that you need to master. No one can fully prepare you for your first time on stage, but don’t let nerves get in your way. Rehearse beforehand and focus on those who are there to support you. Also, while presentation software may look great on paper, don’t let it be a distraction; stick to slides that complement your message rather than add more confusion. Remember, every audience member is unique and different. There will be some who find one part of your talk funny and others that won’t see any humor at all! Don’t fret about what everyone else thinks, rejoice in knowing that you have an audience listening attentively to what you have to say! The best thing you can do is prepare well, give it your best shot and learn from your mistakes. This profession focuses on using computer systems engineering principles to solve customer business problems by integrating hardware, software, networking and communication technologies into information systems. Computer Systems Engineers work with many types of hardware including servers, personal computers (PCs), mobile devices (smartphones), tablets (iPads) and embedded systems within automobiles/machinery.