TOP 6 Cloud Computing Terms You Need to Know

Cloud computing can be a tricky subject to tackle, especially if you don’t have the first clue about what it means or why it matters. Luckily, the experts at Gartner have produced an easy-to-understand breakdown of six cloud computing terms and definitions that will help you to better understand this technology that could change how you do business. They are: Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), Software as a Service (SaaS), Web 2.0, Virtualization and Cloud Computing Naming Standards

cloud computing

.1) The Cloud

This is a very general term that refers to any service or Cloud computing technology delivered over a network, rather than stored on your own computer. For example, Microsoft Word is a software program you can download onto your computer and run from there this makes it what’s known as locally installed. But you could also access Microsoft Word online through Office 365; in that case, it would be considered cloud computing because it’s available online through an Internet connection. If you store your documents in Google Drive, or use Apple iCloud or Dropbox, these too are examples of cloud computing. That said, cloud computing isn’t always reliable. As more businesses move their IT infrastructure to public clouds such as Amazon Web Services (AWS), they’re increasingly turning to managed services providers (MSPs) like Cintel IT Solutions for backup-and-restore plans. The Cloud Backup Strategy: Here’s how backup and recovery works when everything resides onsite with your MSP versus in the cloud: Your files reside on your computers with you; when something goes wrong, IT admins repair them (or replace damaged hardware). With cloud computing: The data stays offsite at an MSP location. If something happens to one customer’s computer server, all their data remains safe with no down time required for repair or replacement.

2) Virtualization

The process of running multiple, separate instances of an operating system on a single computer. If you were running Windows 10 on your computer, you could run a second instance of Windows 10 alongside it and run two different applications at once, each in their own OS environment. In other words, virtualization allows you to create separate virtual machines on a single piece of hardware. Virtualization was extremely important in developing cloud computing because it let users experiment with many different configurations and services before settling on one platform. It’s also extremely helpful for testing software patches and upgrades no need to worry about a botched update wiping out everything on your PC if all your files are saved remotely!

3) Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) allows you to rent computing power over a network, rather than buying your own. When you use IaaS, someone else will host, maintain and backup your data. For example, if you’re running an e-commerce website on IaaS, all of your information will be stored on another company’s servers. If that company fails in some way like getting hacked or going bankrupt your data will still be safe and secure. Some common providers of IaaS include Amazon Web Services and Rackspace.

4) Platform as a Service (PaaS)

PaaS takes care of operating systems, middleware, and other fundamental software so developers can focus on their applications. PaaS allows developers to focus on writing applications instead of spending time on building and maintaining complex infrastructure, making it easy for them to quickly develop, test, integrate and scale new cloud-based apps. And, as with SaaS applications, PaaS relies on a pay-per-use model; in fact many developers find that using a combination of PaaS offerings from different providers is one way to reduce operational costs even further. The only thing you need is an Internet connection. Then you’re all set!

5) Software as a Service (SaaS)

With SaaS, software runs on a cloud infrastructure. Instead of buying software and installing it on your desktop computer, you can subscribe to and use applications via an Internet connection. For example, Microsoft Office 365 is available as SaaS; instead of buying a copy of Office and installing it on your computer, you pay $9.99 per month for a subscription that lets you access any device desktop, laptop or smartphone and install Office apps such as Word, Excel and PowerPoint through an Internet connection. The advantages of SaaS are that there’s no need for IT expertise; you simply log in with your username and password. Moreover, cloud computing provides greater data security because information isn’t stored locally.

6) Hybrid Cloud

A hybrid cloud is a mix of on-premises and off-site computing services that enables organizations to take advantage of the best of both worlds. The result is a flexible environment that delivers cost, performance and risk benefits. Software as a Service (SaaS): Software as a Service (SaaS) is software or applications hosted on servers owned by someone else, so you don’t have to worry about infrastructure. Cloud Deployment Models: The three main cloud deployment models are public cloud, private cloud and hybrid cloud, which can be deployed across various devices or data centers. Cloud Portability: When discussing portability in the context of cloud computing, people typically mean being able to transfer data from one service provider to another without breaking continuity for users.


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